Despite today’s modern age, there are still many places on our planet that we almost know nothing about, places that people don’t care to go to.
Here are the top 15 most unexplored places on earth:
15. North Sentinel Island:
While most of the world’s tribes have been contacted in some way, north sentinel island one of the unexplored places and remains nearly untouched by anyone but the island’s indigenous people.
Ever since explorers first tried to interact with the islanders back in 1867, they have generally been very hostile. With some incidents even going so far, as to lead to the deaths of those involved.
Therefore, in order to protect the people on both sides, India passed the Andaman and Nicobar (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) act in 1956, which has effectively banned anyone from visiting the island without express government permission.
To enforce this, the Indian Navy patrols the island’s waters and can prosecute anyone who decides to go against this ban.
As a result, despite the island likely having a lot to offer, it has remained one of the untouched and unexplored places by westerners for centuries.
14. Muchu Chhish
Mountains are anything but easy pickings for adventurers, and Muchu Chhish is certainly not an exception, that’s because, despite the fact that it has some competition from other larger slopes, it currently holds the title as the tallest unclimbed mountain in the world.
Now the primary reason behind this is that Muchu Chhish is both difficult to access and located in a remote area, meaning that very few have even attempted to climb the mountain.
To make matters worse at only 7 453 meters tall, it’s significantly shorter than some of its contemporaries, making it difficult for many explorers to justify climbing it when there are larger yet easier to climb slopes nearby.
While the three-member Czech expedition announced that they would try to climb the mountain in august of 2020.
It remains to be determined if Muchu Chhish will remain one of the unexplored places or become truly charted territory for much longer.
13. Papua New Guinea
While Papua New Guinea may be an island nation of about 9 million people, it turns out that many places of the country are still unexplored by all but the country’s indigenous groups.
That’s because the island is full of dense rainforests and massive mountains that make it nearly impossible to traverse, with this reality being aided by the fact that the island’s near-complete lack of infrastructure and extreme lack of safety in urban areas makes it less than an ideal place for researchers to set up shop.
Regardless when researchers do explore the island, they almost always make some sort of discovery, as between 1998 and 2008 alone there were a total of 1060 new species found on New Guinea and its surrounding islands.
As a result, while the country may not be in the best of shape, it is certainly somewhere worth visiting if you’d like to see some truly impressive flora and fauna.
12. Tsingy de Bemaraha:
In short Tsingy de Bemaraha is easily one of the strangest and unexplored places in the world located in the Milwaukee region of northwestern Madagascar.
It’s a 1520 square kilometer plateau of karstic rocks, which were created thanks to rainwater eroding away at already existing limestone deposits.
This has made a forest of dense and tall stones that are nearly impossible to traverse, making it extremely hard for researchers to survey the area.
When you then further consider that Tsingy de Bemaraha is an area that is home to thousands of endemic species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world, it’s clear that it’s a shame that scientists are having a hard time finding them all.
11. Devon Island:
There are many areas on our planet that are uninhabited, but Devon island stands apart for being the largest uninhabited island in the world.
Located in Canada’s far north, Devon Island has been called mars on earth by many researchers, as its desert setting and harsh climate is very similar to the conditions on Mars.
As a result, the island’s barren terrain freezing temperatures isolation, and remoteness has made it a prime spot for NASA researchers to test how a settlement on Mars could potentially function, with a small permanent research station being present on Devon island in order to carry out various experiments.
However, considering that the island is practically located in the middle of nowhere no matter how much it looks like Mars, we don’t expect too many people to come to explore the island anytime soon.
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6. The Southern Namib Desert, Namibia
While the Sahara may take the top spot for being the most well-known desert in Africa, the Southern Namib stands apart from being one of the oldest.
Having been around for upwards of 80 million years, the Namib desert stretches for about 2000 kilometers between the countries of Angola Namibia, and South Africa, and due to the near-complete lack of vegetation, it is mostly uninhabited.
However, the southern Namib desert which has been described as largely one of the unexplored places by the world wildlife fund, stands apart due to it consisting of a vast dune sea with some of the tallest and most spectacular dunes in the world, with said dunes ranging in color from pink to vivid orange and often measuring in and over 300 meters high.
As such despite the fact that the complexity and regularity of the patterns in its dune sea are stunning they remain poorly understood to this day, with more exploration and research necessary in order to truly understand them.
But best of all due to the desert having the further distinction of having many endemic species due to its age, the area really does have the potential to be a researcher’s paradise.
5. Vale do Javari, Brazil
Although Brazil may be the land that was conquered long ago by the Portuguese, there are some areas of the country that are so remote that almost no one outside of the region’s indigenous communities has ever set foot inside them.
The largest of these is Vale do Javari, which is near a forested region that is located in the northwest corner of the country near the borders with Bolivia and Peru, encompassing an area of about 85 000 square kilometers.
The region is larger than the country of Austria and is home to approximately 3 000 indigenous people, and the region stands apart for having the greatest concentration of isolated groups in the world, with the Brazilian government going so far as to forbid outsiders from entering this area.
Contrary to what you may think this mandate is very easy to enforce, the area is not only extremely remote but also inaccessible by nearly all forms of transportation, in particular, the region does not experience a dry season, so the rise of the amazon river and the likely possibility of floods make the place a dangerous area for any kind of exploration and an absolutely unsuitable area for any kind of permanent habitation.
The area is also home to many dangerous animals, as the swamp-like nature of the region makes it a breeding ground for alligators and mosquitoes.
When you then further consider that any attempts to contact the indigenous tribes in the region have frequently been met with violence, it shouldn’t have come as a surprise that the nomadic indigenous groups located in the Vale do Javari have been left largely undisturbed for most of their existence.
4. Son Doong Cave, Vietnam
Although the entire surface area of the earth has already been mapped by satellites, the same does not hold true for our planet’s underground grottoes.
According to CNN Travel, the Vietnamese made an amazing discovery when they first discovered the cave while searching for aloe in 1990, but the area wasn’t properly surveyed until 2008 by the British and Vietnamese authorities.
Now, the reason why it is so spectacular is that it holds the distinction of being the world’s largest natural cave, having been formed out of limestone between two to five million years ago.
In fact, due to it coming in at a height of about 200 meters width of about 150 meters and a length of about 9 kilometers this cavern is so large that it can fit an entire new york city block inside of it, including its skyscrapers.
As such, it should come as no surprise this cave is full of geological wonders, as it has stalagmites that often reach lengths of 70 meters and a 90-meter calcite barrier that has been coined, like the great wall of Vietnam.
Yet what really makes Son Doong Cave spectacular are the jungles found within its depths, see the cave is so large that it has its very own contained ecosystem, and due to millions of years of secluded evolution it has its own endemic plants, monkeys, flying, foxes, frogs, and insects that are found nowhere else in the world.
As a result, this cave is one of the most biologically unique places in the world.
Therefore should also come as no surprise that there’s still a lot left to explore in the cave, after all, it wasn’t until mid-2019 that researchers found a 1.6 million cubic meter underground river. To this day more species and more outcroppings of the cave are still being discovered.
Best of all, if you’d like to take a glimpse you can sign up to be one of the just 1 000 people per year permitted to enter, however at a price of 3 000 bucks for just one ticket, it certainly will set you back quite a bit.
3. Lake Vostok, Antarctica
Typically speaking the lake is located above ground but lake Vostok which is located in Antarctica stands apart due to it being the world’s largest subglacial lake.
This means that although it’s located underneath glacial ice, the water in the lake is actually liquid.
However, this water isn’t like your typical h2o, that’s because the ice that covers it has kept it untouched for the past 15 million years, meaning in that time frame the lake itself has never received light and has never been in contact with the atmosphere.
Yet despite this seclusion, it seems that there may be microbial life inside the lake, even though of the high pressure, the constant cold low nutrient input potentially high oxygen concentration, and absence of sunlight all make for extremely harsh living conditions.
Now, the fact that the lake is sub-glacial is what has essentially caused it to remain one of the unexplored places, you see despite the fact that it was first discovered back in the late 1950s or early 1960s by the Russian Antarctic research team, it has been difficult to actually test the water underneath the glacier, as it’s located about 4 000 meters under the surface of the ice, to make matters worse.
There’s a lot of controversy as to whether it’s environmentally ethical to drill into the lake, as not only could this jeopardize its untouched position, but the anti-freeze that would have to be used to drill all the way down would undoubtedly contaminate the water and make any research findings from the water sample takes inconclusive.
As a result, despite the interest certainly being there to explore lake Vostok further, it will likely remain one of the unexplored places for their foreseeable future.
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2. The Darien Gap, Panama – Colombia
As far as unexplored places go few are as infamous as the Darian Gap, found between Panama and Colombia.
It’s largely a watershed forest and mountain area that’s about 106 kilometers long and 80 kilometers wide, and it has gained notoriety not only for being largely unexplored but more importantly for being the buffer that makes it impossible for the pan-American highway to truly connect all of the Americas.
As a result, it’s been the bane of travelers trying to complete this journey, they must pay to have their car transported by a shipping container across the gulf of Darien, while they take a plane between Panama and Colombia.
Due to this often costing upwards of ten thousand dollars even if a shipping container is shared, it surely has made this trip a lot less feasible for the average road tripper.
However, that doesn’t mean that attempts to traverse the gap haven’t been made, you see in 1971 both Panama and Colombia tried to continue building the road through the gap with the help of u.s funds.
But due to environmentalist protesting that this would destroy the area’s biodiversity, the plans were halted in 1974.
And while some other attempts have been made to resurrect the idea, many locals have continued to oppose development because this would also lead to an increase in transmission of diseases across borders, likely lead to the destruction of many local indigenous cultures.
As result governments and surveyors have left the area alone for the past few decades.
Yet, if you are hell-bent on traversing the Gap, it is possible to do so using an off-road vehicle, however, this is a lot more difficult than you might imagine, as it requires cutting down swaths of vegetation and often takes upwards of 2 to 3 years to complete.
1. Bir Tawil
In the first place of most unexplored places on Earth, we find Bir Tawil.
Typically speaking while geographical limits may make somewhere hard to reach, even the most remote of locations have been claimed by at least one of the world’s governments.
However, Bir Tawil stands apart for being the only habitable area on the planet that is not claimed by any nation.
You see Bir Tawil whether stands on the border of Egypt and Sudan,
and due to the contradictory statements of the British government when setting up the borders in 1899 and 1902 there was now a dispute between the two countries in which they are both vying for a piece of land known as the Hala’ib Triangle.
However, they are both not claiming Bir Tawil as international law mandates that to claim ownership of one would automatically mean that they’re renouncing ownership of the other, therefore Bir Tawil currently sits as one of an uninhabited and practically unexplored places.
However, despite its precarious position, there have still been some people out there who have tried to claim Bir Tawil as their own, in particular, these people hope to set up Bir Tawil as a micronation, in which they are the dictator of, and will sometimes even visit in order to plant a flag and assert their authority.
Yet, due to the fact that not a single one has gotten any type of international recognition, and goes without saying that this is a practice not taken seriously by almost everyone.